City of Binghamton, New York

Employment

Job Openings

Street Maintainer

Date Posted: 5/14/2021
Location: Public Works
Salary: $14.19 per hour
Last Date To File: 5/24/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

This is routine manual work involving responsibility for the collection and disposal of refuse and maintenance of streets.  The work is performed in a close supervision at all times.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Assists in patching and grading of streets; Rakes, tamps and shovels cold patches; Cleans and flushes streets; Shovels and removes snow from streets; Collects and disposes of rubbish; Assists in repairing sweepers; Works on refuse collection route, lifting cans from curb to truck or emptying cans in truck; Oils and cinders streets; May clean vehicles after each shift; Assists in the paving of city streets.

FULL PERFORMANCE, KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:

Willingness to perform routine manual work; ability to lift heavy weights; willingness to work under all weather conditions; physical strength and endurance; sobriety; ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; physical condition as necessary to perform the essential functions of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

New York State Class 5 vehicle driver’s license at time of appointment and maintain the license during the entire length of appointment.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENT: CDLB must be obtained within the employee’s probationary period and maintain the license during the entire length of appointment.

NOTE:  Some experience in heavy manual labor is desirable.

Director of Police Community Outreach Recruitment

Date Posted: 5/14/2021
Location: Police Bureau
Salary: $65,000.00 per year
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

The duties of this class are highly professional in nature consisting of assisting the Police Chief, Mayor, and the Personnel/Civil Service Department with creating and maintaining community connections and recruitment for the civil service entry exam. Is the liaison between the community, the Police Department, and Mayor’s Office. The incumbent reports directly to the Police Chief, or their designee. Does related work as required. 

Typical Work Activities:

Establish open dialogue and transparency with the community concerning Police Department policies, procedures, operations, and training; provide insights and recommendations on issues including but not limited to: law enforcement and safety concerns in the community, policy review and development, and police training; improving police and community communications, relations, and trust; youth engagement; civil service exam application recruitment; crime analysts and reports; host and/or attend community events; attend career fairs; internship recruitment.

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGES, SKILLS, ABILITIES & PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: Good knowledge of the Police Department’s mission and the common goals shared with the community; problem-solving skills; ability to prepare written reports; ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing; ability to establish and maintain cooperative working relationships; ability to successfully work with and serve a diverse local community; initiative; resourcefulness; good judgment; tact; physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

 

Minimum Qualifications:

A valid driver’s license and either:

  1. Possession of a NYS Crime Analyst Certificate; and
  2. Graduation from a NYS registered or regionally accredited four-year college or university with a Bachelor’s Degree and six (6) years of full time employment as a NYS Certified Police Officer with investigatory and recruiting experience; or
  3. Graduation from a NYS registered or regionally accredited two-year college or university with an Associate’s Degree in Criminal Justice, Police Science, Human Services, or a closely related field with similar course curriculum and ten (10) years of full time employment as a NYS Certified Police Officer with investigatory and recruiting experience.

Finance Payroll Specialist

Date Posted: 5/14/2021
Location: Department of Finance
Salary: $41,500.00 per year
Last Date To File: 5/24/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

The payroll specialist position is responsible to process payroll transactions that are prepared and submitted by other departments, ensuring the accuracy of salaries, amount paid, taxes paid, taxes withheld, and deductions and garnishments taken in the paychecks of city employees.  This position will apply laws, regulations, union contracts, business rules and procedures governing payroll transactions and salaries.  This position will also assist other city departments on calculating salaries when  needed, along with administrative duties, contract analysis, quality assurance and tax related duties, providing management with information, research, recommendations.  Does related work as required. This position report to the Comptroller.

Typical Work Activities:

Maintains City’s payroll and leave time database;

Processes payroll through Enterprise System;

Reconciliation of payroll each pay period to source documents;

Monitors NYS Retirement System, ensures proper employee credit and payments;

Prepares monthly report for NYS Retirement System;

Completes forms for Worker’s Compensation;

Coordinates year end processes of W-2’s and 941’s;

Maintains employee files (physical and computerized);

Calculates lump sum payments;

Completes income verifications for NYS and banks;

Processes salary changes, deduction changes, and new hires; and

Prepares reports for Comptroller and Personnel Director for contract negotiations as requested

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:  Thorough knowledge of payroll procedures and Federal, State and local laws, rules and regulation with respect to payroll preparation; Ability to work with others under deadline situations and respond to changes; Ability to work independently and take initiative; accuracy and good problem solving skills; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:
  1. Graduation from High School or the possession of a high school equivalency diploma and 3 years of full time payroll experience as described above;  OR
  2. Graduation from a New York State registered or regionally accredited two year college or university with an Associate’s Degree in Accounting, Finance or Business Administration.

Secretary to Corporation Counsel

Date Posted: 5/11/2021
Location: Corporation Counsel
Salary: $35,592.00 per year
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

Performs varied and specialized legal secretarial, office administrative assistance and legal support work to the City Attorney and as necessary, for other attorneys; performs related work as assigned. 

 

Typical Work Activities:

Prepares correspondence, memoranda, legal documents and contracts using a personal computer; Reviews finished materials for completeness, accuracy, format, compliance with policies and procedures and appropriate English usage; Organizes and maintains various administrative, reference and follow up files.  Makes appointments, maintains calendar, schedules and organizes meetings; prepares purchase requisitions, accounts payable and personnel action forms.  Organizes, manages and maintains the legal library of the City Attorney’s office; Screens callers or visitors to determine the nature of the inquiry, answers questions on established policy and procedure and/or refers to appropriate party or office; Opens, reviews, sorts and prioritizes incoming mail; Orders office supplies and maintains inventory of supplies and equipment; Operates a personal computer, peripheral equipment and other related office machines.

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGES, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICSThorough knowledge of secretarial practices; Thorough knowledge of modern office terminology, procedures, equipment and business arithmetic and English; Good knowledge of the organization, functions, policies, regulations, and terminology of  the City Attorney’s office; Working knowledge of general legal processes and terminology; Ability to handle administrative details independently, including the composition of letters, memoranda and reports; Ability to handle confidential matters and materials; Ability to understand and interpret written material; Ability to summarize information in both narrative and numerical form; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheets and databases at an acceptable rate of speed; Ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing; Ability to exercise judgment, initiative, tact, courtesy, and discretion within established guidelines in dealing with other departments city officials outside agencies and the public. Physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position. 

Minimum Qualifications:

Either

(a) Graduation from a regionally accredited or New York State registered college with an Associate’s Degree; or

(b) Graduation from high school or possession of a high school equivalency diploma and three years of related experience; or

(c) An equivalent combination of training and experience within the limits of (a) and (b).

 

Transfer Station Operator

Date Posted: 5/11/2021
Location: Public Works
Salary: $16.31 per hour
Last Date To File: 5/21/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

The duties involve responsibility for the safe and efficient operation of specialized heavy automotive equipment used in solid waste removal.  Greater skill is required than in the operation of other types of equipment and there is a greater responsibility for the safety of others.  Additional responsibility is involved for making minor repairs to equipment and for ordinary servicing.  The incumbent will exercise supervision over subordinates assigned to work on specific projects.  The work is performed under general supervision.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Driving Tractor Trailers to and from County Landfill and yard waste disposal site; Operates heavy equipment at the Transfer Station including loading equipment, tractor trailers, backhoe and front-end loaders when necessary; Performs a variety of minor repairs on motor equipment and services small pumps and equipment; Performs routine preventive maintenance functions on all vehicles.

FULL PERFORMANCE, KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICSGood knowledge of the operation of trucks, tractors and other types of automotive equipment; ability to operate heavy and specialized automotive equipment; ability to understand and carry out oral and written instructions;  ability to make simple repairs to the equipment;  ability to supervise a small work crew;  mechanical aptitude;  dependability;  ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed;  physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

One year of experience in the operation of motor equipment requiring a CDL-B motor vehicle operator license.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTSPossession of a CDL-A motor vehicle operator license issued by the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles at time of appointment and must maintain license during the entire length of appointment.

Building Inspector II

Date Posted: 5/11/2021
Location: Building Construction and Code Enforcement
Salary: $40,000.00 per year
Last Date To File: 5/21/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

The work involves the responsibility for the review and approval of plans and specifications submitted for local building permits.  Inspections are made of buildings, erected and under construction or repair for compliance with approved plans, specifications, local ordinance and codes, the New York State Multiple Residence Law and the entirety of the New York State Uniform and Fire Prevention and Building Code.  The work is performed under the general direction of the Commissioner of Public Works and under the direct supervision of the Supervisor of Building Inspection and Construction within the general policies and objectives of the department.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Reviews plans and specifications for the construction or renovation of buildings for compliance with codes, regulations and laws prior to issuing permits; Issues building permits; Inspects buildings and structures for compliance with approved plans, specifications and all requirements of applicable codes and laws; Inspects buildings and structures to ensure conformity with safety standards and building permits; Orders unsafe conditions to be rectified; Provides technical interpretation of State and local building code and other related laws to  contractors, design professionals, , owners of structures,  the general public and other departmental staff; Investigates complaints and issues violation notices and court appearance tickets when necessary; Maintains records and reports on inspections and decisions; Performs other building and construction division inspections as required; Assists other City departments with respect to building construction as required; Provides administrative support as required; Provides related technical recommendations to the Supervisor of Building Inspection and Construction; Maintains professional certification(s) and training in relation to building design and technology; Provides technical support to other building and construction division staff.

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES & PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICSThorough knowledge of modern methods, principles, tools and materials used in building and general construction;  Thorough knowledge of the New York State Uniform Fire prevention and Building Code and Multiple Residence Law;  Good knowledge of various state and federal rules and regulations pertaining to construction  projects;  Ability to read and interpret building construction plans and specifications;  Ability to establish and maintain cooperative relationships with other public officials, building contractors, building owners and the general public;  Ability to understand and carry out complex oral and written instructions;  Tact, good judgment; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common or specialized office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed, and physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

Graduation from high school or possession of an equivalency diploma and either:

  1. Graduation from a regionally accredited New York State registered two-year college or university with an Associates Degree in construction, engineering, or architectural technology or related field and two years experience in building construction or rehabilitation; or
  2. Four years experience listed in (a) above; or
  3. An equivalent combination of experience and training as defined by the limits of (a) and (b) above.

Water/Sewer Systems Maintainer

Date Posted: 4/21/2021
Location: Water & Sewer Department
Salary: $16.09 per hour
Last Date To File: 5/03/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

This position involves the performance of skilled work in the maintenance and repair of water systems, sewer systems, and roads. Operates equipment required in the process of snow removal.  The incumbent performs work requiring specialized technical skills and may direct a small work force in activities concerned with the continued use and effective operation of the water and sewer systems.  Work is performed under general supervision of the Senior Water and Sewer System Maintainer and or Assistant Supervisor/Supervisor of the bureau. Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Performs maintenance and repair on sewer mains and laterals and sewer system entries involving concrete and brick work; Lays storm and sanitary sewer lines; Lays water mains and makes taps on mains for services to consumers; Turns off and renews consumers’ services; Repairs and installs hydrants and meters; Tests for and repairs leaks in mains and services;  Caulks joints; Operates dump trucks in connection with the work; Rebuilds and repairs catch basins, sewer mains laterals and head stones; Makes minor repairs on small pumps; Operates a variety of equipment and uses power tools required to repair and maintain the city water and sewer systems; including water pumps, compressors,  black topping and cement mixing, vacuum  truck, bucket loaders, backhoes; Plows and Salts city streets as required for snow removal; Cares for tools, supplies and equipment; Performs a variety of skilled and semi-skilled maintenance tasks. Does related work as required.

FULL PERFORMANCE, KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:  Good knowledge of the principles, practices, tools, equipment, terminology and safety precautions involved in the maintenance of  water distribution systems and sanitary sewer collection systems;  working knowledge of the operation and repair of pumps and compressors;  ability to operate equipment in the repair and maintenance of the water and sewer systems;  ability to understand and carry out oral and written instructions;  ability to work with others and to lead in small work projects;  ability to keep minor records in the use of materials, supplies and equipment;  ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, excel spreadsheets, and Cartegraph database, at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed;   physical condition as necessary to perform the essential functions of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

(a)  Five years of progressively increasing experience in the construction, repair and maintenance  of either the City   of Binghamton’s water distribution and/or sewer systems; or

(b) Six years of external experience in the construction, repair and maintenance of water distribution and/or sanitary sewer collection systems. Candidates should be willing to demonstrate capability and proficiency in the use of all equipment.

Clerk - Part Time

Date Posted: 4/21/2021
Location: Treasurer's Office
Salary: $14.00 per hour
Last Date To File: 5/03/2021
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

This is routine work involving responsibility for the performance of a variety of clerical tasks.  The work is performed according to defined procedures with detailed instructions provided for new or unusual assignments.  The work is performed under direct supervision.  Does related work as required. 

Typical Work Activities:

Receives, records, files and maintains routine legal, financial and in general, government documents, papers and records; Receives, logs in, issues receipts and counts money received in routine financial transactions; Maintains inventory of supplies and materials; Makes routine entries in ledger and journal accounts; Sorts, indexes and files ledger cards, makes file searches, issues and charges out books and periodicals, catalogs monographs and audiovisual software; Acts as a receptionist, answers the telephone, answers questions, takes messages, transfers calls and provides information; Files reference cards, mail, films and cross-reference files; Prepares data for statistical computations, keeps employee time records and accruals, tally on food orders and maintains census records; Performs typing on an incidental and occasional basis; Operates Xerox and audiovisual equipment.

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES & PERSONAL CHARACTERISITCSWorking knowledge of office terminology, procedures and equipment; Working knowledge of business arithmetic and English; ability to understand and follow oral and written instructions; ability to get along well with others; ability to write legibly; clerical aptitude; neatness; accuracy; tact and courtesy; ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

Either:

  1. Graduation from high school or possession of a high school equivalency diploma; or
  2. One year of clerical experience; or
  3. An equivalent combination of training and experience.

 

Motor Equipment Operator

Date Posted: 4/16/2021
Location: Public Works
Salary: $15.76 per hour
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

This is a position involving the operation of a variety of motor equipment.  The type of equipment operated will be limited by the class of license possessed by the incumbent.  The work is performed under the general supervision of a supervisory level employee.  The incumbent will exercise supervision over subordinates assigned to work on specific projects.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Operates a variety of motor equipment, such as “one-man road patcher” packers, trucks, sweepers, backhoes and auxiliary equipment; Supervises a small work group in rebuilding and repairing catch basins, mains, sewers, hydrants, street repairs, patching streets and cleaning streets; Performs a variety of minor repairs on motor equipment and services small pumps and equipment; Performs routine preventive maintenance functions on all vehicles; Operates a television camera outfit in monitoring and reporting the condition of sewer mains and laterals for immediate or future repairs;  Keeps records on times, supplies and equipment used and reports work completed on work projects to supervisor;  Participates in a variety of street maintenance and repair activities;  Provides services for a variety of governmental operations such as transporting food for School District;  Operates a variety of recreational and maintenance equipment for the recreation department; Performs routine cleaning of screens, unplugging and maintenance of pumps, sample collection, and centrifuge operation for the Binghamton/Johnson City Joint Sewage Plant;  Supervises a small work crew;  Mechanical aptitude;  Dependability;  Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed;  Physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

Possession of a CDL-B motor vehicle operator license issued by the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles at time of appointment which must be maintained during the entire length of appointment.

For Parks DepartmentMEO applicants must have 2 years experience in Parks or grounds maintenance.”

Program Assistant

Date Posted: 4/09/2021
Location: Police Bureau
Salary: $33,564.00 per year
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

The work involves responsibility for assisting in the planning, implementation, organization, and conduct of agency programs.  The incumbent performs a variety of tasks, both paraprofessional and clerical in nature, in assisting in the administration and coordination of agency programs.  Additionally, the incumbent performs duties which require substantial time operating an alpha-numeric keyboard such as a typewriter, word processor, or personal computer.  The work is performed in accordance with accepted policies and procedures under general supervision.  Will supervise subordinate clerical staff.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Performs routine administrative duties required for the implementation and coordination of agency programs;  Organizes and maintains central filing systems and procedures;  Assists in planning and administering in-service training programs;  Expedites and participates in the preparation of various reports and the maintenance of records;  Compiles payroll data and submits for payroll preparation and payment;  Participates in the collection, tabulation, and analysis of statistical and financial data relevant to the various programs undertaken;  May author routine correspondence required for the daily operation and implementation of the program undertaken;  Supervises the daily work assignments of clerical workers assigned to the office. 

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:  Good knowledge of the policies and objectives of department programs;  Good knowledge of office terminology, procedures, and equipment;  Working knowledge of administrative principles and practices;  Ability to plan, implement and coordinate activities typically required in the administration of programs such as record keeping, report preparation and clerical supervision;  Ability to operate an alpha-numeric keyboard at an acceptable rate of speed;  Ability to understand oral and written instructions;  Ability to establish and maintain effective interpersonal relationships;  Ability to clearly and effectively express oneself both orally and in written form;  Good judgment; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed;  Physical condition as necessary to perform the essential functions of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

Either:

  1. Graduation from a regionally accredited or New York State registered college with an associate’s degree in business administration, secretarial sciences, or a related field including or supplemented by a course in the operation of an alpha-numeric keyboard;  or
  2. Graduation from high school or possession of a high school equivalency diploma and two years of experience in public administration, business administration, or a related field including the operation of an alpha-numeric keyboard;  or
  3. An equivalent combination of training and experience as defined by the limits of (a) and (b) above.

Real Property Tax Aide

Date Posted: 4/07/2021
Location: Department of Assessment
Salary: $30,333.00 per year
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

This is clerical work involving the receipt and processing of documents and records on the assessment of properties.  The work is performed under the general supervision of the Assessor and his assistants and the incumbent may on occasion provide new employees on-the-job training for the position of Real Property Tax Aide.  Does related work as required.

Typical Work Activities:

Maintains records of real property transfer deeds and maintains the changes on tax maps; Identifies errors on tax rolls and makes corrections as directed; Records deeds, wills and changes that involve property title transfers on owners cards, deed sheets and in-field book, and prepares copies for water, sewer, code enforcement and real property tax office; Receives, checks and processes old age exemption applications and brings office records and field books up to date on exemptions;  receives, checks and processes requests for veterans as well as tax exemptions of property owned by religious and not-for-profit organizations; Types correspondence, maintains and files documents, letters and memoranda;  Answers telephone inquiries on real property taxes and exemptions;  Performs a variety of work and research in support of the Assessor and technical employees within the office;  Process information and documents in the County Clerk’s Office as well as with banks on the status of property deeds, mortgages and related material.

FULL PERFORMANCE KNOWLEDGES, SKILLS, ABILITIES AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:

Working knowledge of real property valuation and assessment;  Working knowledge of the New York State Real Property Tax law and local policy; Working knowledge of modern office terminology, procedures, equipment and business English; Ability to read and understand property deeds, maps and other documents of a legal nature relating to property valuation and assessment.; Ability to deal effectively with the public; Ability to establish and maintain effective working relationship with others; Ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing; Ability to operate a personal computer or other data entry device and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet and databases as an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; Good knowledge of the practices and procedures in processing and maintaining assessment records including the receipt and recording of applications for property exemptions;  working knowledge of the laws, rules and regulations governing the exemption of properties from taxes;  skill in the operation of office equipment; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; Ability to understand and interpret written information; ability to make arithmetic computations accurately; clerical aptitude; thoroughness;  physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

Minimum Qualifications:

A.        Graduation from high school or possession of a high school equivalency diploma, and one year of full-time clerical experience, involving the maintaining, processing and recording of documents on real property assessments, requiring the operation of a personal computer or other data entry device;  or

B.         Two years of clerical experience involving entering and retrieving data using a personal computer or other data entry device.

Crossing Guard

Date Posted: 1/05/2021
Location: Various
Salary: $38.50/day
Last Date To File: Open
Distinguishing Features Of The Class:

A person in this position must exercise considerable vigilance in directing traffic for the protection of children going to and from school. Work is performed independently with only occasional directions from a superior.

 

Typical Work Activities:

Directs traffic at crosswalks near school; Assists children crossing streets; Slows down traffic in school zone; Instructs younger children concerning proper place and precautions to be taken when crossing street. 

 

Full Performance Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, & Personal Characteristics:

Ability to be firm yet courteous with the public; ability to get along well with children; Ability to operate a personal computer and utilize common office software programs including word processing, spreadsheet, and database at an acceptable rate of accuracy and speed; Physical condition commensurate with the demands of the position.

 

Minimum Qualifications:

None

Civil Service Examinations

Title Exam Type Exam Posting
Dispatcher Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Finance Payroll Specialist Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Payroll Assistant Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Senior Typist - City School District Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Clerk - City School District Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Typist - City School District Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Parent Coordinator - City School District Open Competitive PDF icon Download
Housing Safety Specialist Open Competitive PDF icon Download

To protect the health of our citizens & employees, Binghamton City Offices are closed until further notice.  

Employment applications and civil service exam applications are to be mailed to the Personnel Office or placed in the Personnel Drop-box located in the City Hall Lobby. Applications are located on the left side of this page.